Do You Need a Diet Plan To Look and Feel Your Best?

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With summer coming, everyone’s thinking about wanting to look good and feel great, making diet plans the hot topic on many people’s mind. So, I stopped by The Katie Couric Show on Friday to talk about three of the latest plans—the Fast Diet, the Fast Metabolism Diet, and the VB6 Diet—and offered my take on each.

With all the new diet trends that seem to spring up daily, it’s not surprising many people are confused about what to eat. Most diets that promise optimal health and weight loss have their good points. But at the end of the day, all diets use a gimmick or trick to make you focus on how to change your eating habits to be healthier. They’re each based on ideas like eating certain foods at a certain time or cutting out certain foods.

What works best is really very simple: eating real food; cutting out junk, sugar, and processed foods; and eating sensible portions. If you look at the science of metabolism and weight, it says these basic things:

  1. We should stop the SAD diet (or Standard American Diet, which is heavy in processed foods, meat, dairy, flour, and sugar)
  2. We should eat more whole plant foods (veggies, fruits, nuts, seeds, beans, whole grains—not whole grain flour)

This helps us eat in a way that balances our blood sugar and insulin, which is the hunger and fat storage hormone.

I’m all for anything that gets people to shift their diet in a healthy direction. So, with that in mind, let’s look at how these three diet plans measure up.

The Fast Diet

The Fast Diet is also called the 5:2 Diet. This plan advises you to eat 600 calories two days a week, and then eat whatever you want on the other five days of the week—pizza, junk food, whatever. This just doesn’t make sense. Intermittent fasting is good and has been used for healing, but in this context, advising people to eat less at first and then feel free to eat pizza, burgers, fries, and soda sends the wrong message. It’s not sustainable, and you end up feeling bad!

Calorie restriction—reducing your calories by a third—has been proven to extend lifespan by a third and helps to reverse the damage to our body caused by sugar and processed foods. But it’s hard and not fun! We already fast everyday, after dinner until breakfast (that’s why it’s called “break” “fast”). This helps our bodies heal and repair, which is why you shouldn’t eat less than three hours before bed. But the 5:2 plan of fasting for two days and then bingeing for five is not a great idea.

Pros:

  • Regulates insulin and blood sugar to help with weight loss
  • Intermittent fasting helps your body to repair and heal

Cons:

  • No guidelines for the non-fasting days; the author makes assumptions that people will use their best judgment
  • It’s not a fasting diet; it’s a low calorie diet, because you’re cutting your caloric intake down by a third

The Fast Metabolism Diet

The Fast Metabolism Diet focuses on simple strategies to boost your metabolism. It’s actually based on a lot of the same functional medicine science that I write about—getting to the root causes of things. The author of this plan advises people not to eat processed foods, junk, gluten, dairy, corn, soy, caffeine, and alcohol. She recommends eating small meals, and she focuses on the quality of the food, not counting calories. She had studied to be a vet, and all vets study nutrition. While doctors for humans know almost nothing about nutrition, vets know exactly the diet needed to make a thoroughbred horse perform. Professional athletes also eat in specific ways to enhance their performance, and this diet works in the same way.

Pros:

  • It teaches people about how the metabolism works, letting them know that certain foods do harm the metabolism
  • It cuts down insulin, which leads to weight loss; people can absolutely lose 20 pounds in a month on this plan, because it cuts down insulin

Cons:

  • It takes away a lot of things that are a staple in our diet and can be too restrictive for some
  • The weekly rotation, switching around of protein, fats, and carbs, is a bit complicated for many people

The VB6 Diet

The VB6 Diet is the most sensible and powerful of all the programs I’ve mentioned. It’s not a diet; it’s a way of rethinking your relationship to food. Mark Bittman, the author of the program, calls it being a “flexitarian.” But I think the key is being a “qualitarian,” eating only good quality real foods no matter what. The basic plan is to be a vegan—no animal-based foods—before 6 p.m., and then eat whatever you want afterward. But he really means for you to eat any real whole food you want. For most people, fruits and vegetables make up less than 10% of their diet. He wants to amp that up.

Cutting down on animal-derived foods makes good sense for a number of reasons. The consumption of 200 pounds of meat and 600 pounds of dairy every year is one of the biggest contributors to climate change. It damages our soil and pollutes and depletes our water supply. Just think about this: in terms of climate change, you would be better off driving a Hummer and being a vegetarian than driving a Prius and eating meat.

Bittman offers six simple principles to fix our healthcare and obesity crisis and help our environment. They are:

  1. Eat more fruits and vegetables
  2. Eat less animal products—this is good for our bodies and good for the planet
  3. Eat no (or almost no) junk or processed foods
  4. Cook real food at home from fresh ingredients
  5. Choose quality over quantity—be a qualitarian!
  6. Don’t focus on weight; focus on health—weight loss is the side effect

Pros:

  • Puts the focus on plant-based, whole food diets
  • It’s not as restrictive; you still have choices after 6 p.m.

Cons:

  • You can’t really eat whatever you want after 6 p.m. There are foods that are good and some that are bad. Trans fats, high fructose corn syrup, MSG: these things are making us fat. So, eating them, in general, is bad. If you binge on bad foods every night, you won’t see any progress.

Tips for Trying a New Diet

Be a “qualitarian.” Focus on eating quality, real, whole foods instead of processed, industrial food, sugar, flour, dairy, and meat. It’s easy to binge on the bad stuff. The average American drinks 57 gallons of soda per year and many can drink two 20-ounce sodas in a day. But it’s hard to eat too much broccoli. Good luck trying to eat the equivalent amount of broccoli in a single day. That would be 15 cups! So, go ahead and eat plenty of the good stuff—there’s always room for more.

The Importance of Both Diet and Exercise

Exercise is the magic pill that cures every disease and illness. Exercise boosts your metabolism and reduces inflammation, depression, diabetes, heart disease, and even dementia.

But if you’re eating a bad diet, exercise is not enough. If you have one 20-ounce soda, you have to walk over four miles to burn it off. If you eat a supersized meal, you’ll have to run four miles every day for a week.

Bottom line: for optimal health, you need to exercise, but you can’t exercise your way out of a bad diet! Choose real, whole, quality foods; eat plenty of fresh vegetables, fruits, lean proteins, and healthy fats; and savor the experience of eating well this summer.

Now I’d like to hear from you …

What diet plans have you tried? And have you found one that works for you?

What are some of your favorite healthy summertime recipes?

In what ways have you shifted your diet in a healthy direction?

To your good health,
Mark Hyman, MD

 

Healthy Summertime Alternatives

We all have our favorite summertime foods: a juicy cheeseburger grilled to perfection, a hearty potato salad, or cool, refreshing ice cream. Here are some recipes I recommend as healthy alternatives to those warm-weather favorites.

Hanger Steak

Instead of a cheeseburger, how about some hanger steak sliced thin and served on bed of arugula or greens with salt and pepper and balsamic vinegar? It’s an amazing Italian meal, it’s easy to do, and everyone loves it.

Ingredients

  • 1 pound of hanger steak, salt and pepper each side
  • 2 cups of arugula
  • Balsamic vinegar, ideally the reduced kind, which is more expensive and sweeter, but you use less
  • 1-2 tbsp. extra virgin olive oil
  • Salt and pepper

Instructions

  1. Cook steak on grill for 1-2 minutes on each side until medium rare
  2. Slice thin
  3. Arrange arugula on a large plate or platter and drizzle with olive oil and ground pepper
  4. Place sliced steak neatly on top of greens
  5. Drizzle with balsamic vinegar and a little more salt and pepper
  6. Serve

 

Dr. Mark’s Potato Salad

For the potato salad, try using small fingerling or red potatoes (which are lower on the glycemic index) and serve in a sauce of lemon juice, extra virgin olive oil, crushed garlic, chopped parsley, salt, and pepper… amazing!

Ingredients

  • 1 pound of small red russet potatoes or mixed-colored fingerling potatoes
  • 2-4 tbsp. of extra virgin olive oil
  • Juice of 1 lemon
  • 1 clove of garlic
  • 1 cup of chopped parsley
  • Salt and pepper

Instructions

  1. Boil potatoes with skins on over medium heat for 10-15 minutes, until soft but not mushy
  2. Drain and cut in half
  3. In a large bowel, whisk together olive oil, lemon juice, salt, pepper, crushed garlic, parsley
  4. Put hot potatoes in to the dressing, mix well, and serve


Ice Cream

For dessert, put frozen blueberries and strawberries in a blender; add a little unsweetened soy, almond, or hemp milk; and serve. You could even add a tablespoon of coconut butter to make it creamy.

Ingredients

  • 2 cups of frozen blueberries
  • 2 cups of frozen strawberries
  • 1 tbsp. extra virgin coconut butter
  • Unsweetened hemp, almond, or soy milk (non GMO); use a half cup more or less as needed to create proper consistency

Instructions

  1. Blend in a blender or a Vitamix
  2. Serve in nice wine or parfait glasses

9 Responses to Do You Need a Diet Plan To Look and Feel Your Best?

  1. AK June 16, 2013 at 9:32 am #

    I’ve been following The Paleo Diet. Lots of vegetables, some fruit, wild fish, grass fed meat, and nuts. And I buy organic whenever possible. The real value, however, is in what I don’t eat. No dairy, no grains, no processed food. There are some misconceptions about The Paleo Diet. People think it’s like Atkins where you eat lots of meat and fat. But that’s not true at all. I’ll eat meat, but not everyday, always grass fed and not a big portion. In one month, I’ve lost 10 pounds. One of the great things about eating this way is that I don’t have to exercise as much as I used to. 30 minutes a day in the gym is all I do now. I alternate between weight training and cardio. I also don’t count calories or grams of anything. My skin looks a lot healthier too. One suggestion I would make is to not snack between meals. It was hard at first. By 10:00 am, I was hungry. But as we all know, the key to losing excess fat is managing insulin. IMO, eating every 3 hours will not allow your blood sugar to drop low enough to put you in a fat-burning state. I also think leaving a large gap between meals gives your digestive system a break. That’s better than constantly giving it food to digest.

    Here’s something else I do to manage my blood sugar. After every meal, I go for a short walk outside. Not only does this keep my blood sugar from shooting up after a meal, it also gives me extra time in the sun, which is great for Vitamin D production.

    After switching to The Paleon Diet, I’ve lost weight, my skin has cleared up, my hair has stopped falling out, and my seasonal allergies have vanished. It’s amazing how well the body functions when you give it the right fuel.

    • Marg June 16, 2013 at 10:43 am #

      Well said.

  2. Marg June 16, 2013 at 10:41 am #

    I started out in fall of 2011 by not eating wheat gluten products because of belly aches since childhood despite negative results to celiac testing. Lost no weight but felt a little better.

    Gave up drinking soda a long time ago and no longer drink coffee or chai sweetened or sugar free beverages.

    Then in February 2012 stopped eating anything I could detect that had HFCS in them and processed or high sugar foods.

    Have been walking all along the journey for exercise and now try to get in some weight lifting twice weekly.

    Went to juicing and good ingredient smoothies in May with a huge amount of fruits & veggies avoiding the dirty dozen. Added in some high quality soy and animal free protein powders too. Lost more weight and no more belly pain or seasonal allergy assaults. Yeah!

    I have been a Vegetarian Wanna-a-be for years and thankfully am actually getting closer to what my mind, body and spirit feel is right for me and the world I live in

    It has not been an overnight transition but well worth every step. Am also very grateful for the educational and inspirational teachers in books and on line.

  3. N Bagnato June 16, 2013 at 11:01 am #

    I decided that this time I would do the research to find the healthiest way to lose weight, and to finally commit (at age 57) to change the way I eat. I landed on the Sonoma Diet, which is basically the Mediterranean Diet with a weight loss component. I lost weight and felt wonderful, although eating healthy after a lifetime of unhealthy foods continues to be a challenge. I then found Dr. Hyman, and knew that I had found what I was looking for: the healthiest diet and also the latest research behind losing weight. I am now following Ultra Simple Diet and the Sonoma Diet, and as stated in the article, choose healthier options when I am out in social situations. After drinking diet soda my entire life, I now only drink water as my mainstay, which I consider one of my main accomplishments! I have lost 38 pounds so far. And the better I feel, the more I exercise, which we all know is the key to everything. Thank you Dr. Hyman!

  4. Weight Loss Secrets June 17, 2013 at 6:42 am #

    Thank you for sharing these diet plans. They seem to be quite useful.

  5. June Kittay June 17, 2013 at 8:09 am #

    junekittay.com

  6. Hanna September 2, 2013 at 11:45 am #

    Dr Mark Hymans´ functional diet

    Eat only whole, natural and organic food. Stop eating refined grains and sugar – even natural sugars like honey. Avoid dairy completely at all costs. Drink at most half a cup of coffee a day. Include large amounts of bitter food, like olive oil and broccoli, in your diet.

    Pros:
    – The diet works – not only for weight gain; it also promotes health.

    Cons:
    – The diet is way too harsh for many, and might make people lose interest in their health, because the price is too high to pay.

    – The diet deals with the symptoms (bad food habits) but not the cause (why the body craves unhealthy food in the first place). If you want to minimize your sugar intake, for instance, it´s much more effective to start with taking chromium pills (which decreases the cravings for sweets), than to start with eating less sugar although your body is screaming for more.
    (Mark is not against that, but doesn´t emphasize how to deal with the cravings the way he should, in my opinion.)

  7. webaccts June 9, 2014 at 2:06 am #

    Thank you for sharing these diet plans,

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